In marine locations, ultraviolet UV LED lamp is mostly used for non-invasive disinfection. Specifically, UVC, with a wavelength range of 200-280 nm, is applicable to large-scale sterilization, which can be found in industrial water treatment plants and food processing facilities.
Commercial aquariums also use UVC LED lamps to streamline cleaning inside tanks that hold corals and fish. This article expounds on such applications and provides tips for proper usage.
UV LED Sterilizers
UV LED luminaries inside aquariums are utilized to disinfect the water and surface. The lamps target bacteria, algae and harmful parasites that could cause diseases inside domesticated fish.
There are two types of UV sterilizers for tanks and large chambers: inline and hanging. The main difference between the two options is their mounting mechanisms. An inline UV LED unit is designed to work with the core filtration component of the aquarium. It is installed in the last pass of water, before re-entering the tank.
Next, a hanging type of UV LED fixture for sterilization incorporates a ladder-hook, which allows the unit to be mounted on the back of the chamber. Easy access to the luminary allows for seamless maintenance. Hanging UV LED lamps are low wattage and feature compatibility with small aquariums.
It is important to consider that both types of UV LED sterilizers are supported by a conventional water pump and plumbing components. These parts help circulate water around the tank.
Determining Flow Rates
Maximizing exposure is key to boosting the effectiveness of UV LED lamps inside aquariums. Parasite control requires a slower flow rate, while bacteria and algae can be controlled at a slightly faster flow rate.
These settings should be carefully adjusted, based on the type of organisms inside the chamber. For inline UV LED fixtures, this is done by configuring the ball valve and bypass components.